A research published on Monday has detailed over 100 locations where tropical forests and coral reefs have been affected by climate radicals including floods, heatwaves, hurricanes, droughts, and also fires. The study offers a synopsis of the way these various ecosystems are encountering massive pressure from weather radicals, climate change, as well as particular activities.
“Tropical forests and coral reefs are very important for global biodiversity, so it is extremely worrying that they are increasingly affected by both climate disturbances and human activities,” lead researcher Filipe França, from the Embrapa Amazônia Oriental in Brazil and Lancaster University, said in a statement.
As per the study’s summary, climate change is triggering more regular and powerful cyclonic storms, such as hurricanes, cyclones, typhoons, in areas already affected by this type of weather, including Central America, the Caribbean, most of Asia, Australia and the Pacific islands, as well as East Africa.
“A range of post-hurricane ecological consequences have been recorded in tropical forests: the destruction of plants by these weather extremes affects the animals, birds, and insects that rely on them for food and shelter,” Guadalupe Peralta, from Canterbury University in New Zealand, explained.
Action is Needed
The researchers push a variety of climate-adaption actions in order to avoid further losses at the ecosystem level.
“Conserving the hyperdiverse biota of tropical forests and coral reefs for future generations will require much greater cooperation between nations and the involvement of a broader range of stakeholders in the development of solutions,” the researchers wrote in the paper’s conclusion.
Joice Ferreira, from the Embrapa Amazônia Oriental, said: “To achieve successful climate-mitigation strategies, we need ‘action-research’ approaches that engage local people and institutions and respect the local needs and diverse socio-ecological conditions in the tropics.”
The paper, published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, was conducted by 11 scientists from eight universities and research facilities in Brazil, United Kingdom, and New Zealand.